The Battle of Marchfeld took place at the end of August, 1278.
King Otto II of Bohemia lies dying on the ground.
Rudolph I of Habsburg and King László IV of Hungary meet on the battlefield.
Rudolph of Habsburg, German king from 1273-1291and the first king of the Habsburg dynasty.
The powerful King Otto II of Bohemia contested the election of Rudolph I.
The Battle of Marchfeld
Bohemian Army led by King Otto II of Bohemia faced the allied Armies Rudolph I of Habsburg and King László IV of Hungary.
Both armies had infantry and armoured knights on horseback. The battle was fierce and the Cuman horse archers in the Hungarian army played a vital role.
Rudolph defeated Otto at the battle of Marchfeld in 1278, and in 1282 gave his sons Albert and Rudolph the provinces Styria and Carniola (Krain, now Slovenia), and laid the foundations of the Habsburg dynasty.
The Founder (der Stifter)
Rudolph IV has gone down in history as the founder (der Stifter) and was declared Archduke of Austria in the year 1359. He was the great-grandson of Rudolph I and the son of Albert II. He married Katharina, Princess of Luxemburg in 1353.
Rudolph founded the University of Vienna in 1365 and promoted the continuation of the building of the gothic St. Stephen´s Cathedral.
Rudolph IV ordered the charter “Privilegium maius” to be forged in 1359 with the intention of gaining a vast amount of privileges and had 5 documents forged including the so-called Henricianum dated 1056, which even includes documents allegedly dating back to Julius Caesar and Emperor Nero.
The Privilegium maius was not accepted by Emperor Karl IV, but it was sanctioned again and again in the following centuries. Friedrich III sanctioned the charter in 1442 and again in 1453, Rudolph II confirmed the document in 1599 and Karl VI in 1729.
The Privilegium maius lost its importance in 1804 and the charter was exposed as a forgery in 1856.