Andreas Hofer (*1767-†1810)
Andreas Hofer was born on the 22nd November 1767 and died on the 20th February 1810.
According to the Peace of Pressburg in 1805, Tyrol was transferred to Bavaria.
Hofer was a Tyrolean innkeeper and became the leader of resistance to Bavarian rule. The Tyroleans under his command managed to defeat the Bavarian army in 1809 but the Austrian Emperor Franz I went against his word and surrendered Tyrol to the French (Armistice of Znaim).
Andreas Hofer defeated the invading 40,000 French and Bavarian troops and was elected governor of the Tyrol.
The Treaty of Schönbrunn in October 1809 again ceded Tyrol to Bavaria.
French troops managed to defeat Hofer and occupy the region.
Hofer hid away in the mountains but was betrayed some two months later by a friend to the French, who then court-martialed and executed him in Mantua, Italy.
Hofer was a Tyrolean innkeeper and became the leader of resistance to Bavarian rule.
Andreas Hofer and his men on the eve of the Battle of Bergisel
Hofer became commander-in-chief of the Tyroleans resistance
Andreas Hofer with his advisors in the Hofburg in Innsbruck.
Andreas Hofer had fire-beacons on the mountain tops and signalled the Tyroleons during the night of the 10th April 1809. Two days later 15 000 Tyroleons decended from the mountains into the city of Innsbruck and forced General Bisson to surrender the city to Hofer.
The Austrian army arrived a few days later and took over control but within a few weeks the Austrians were forced out by the returning French.
Hofer hid away in the mountains but was betrayed some two months later by a friend to the French,
who then court-martialed and executed him in Mantua, Italy.
Andreas Hofer shortly before his execution
Andreas Hofer bidding farewell shortly before his execution